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Bertrand Russell

[Human]


I would never die for my beliefs because I might be wrong


In all affairs it's a healthy thing now and then to hang a question mark on the things you have long taken for granted


Do not fear to be eccentric in opinion, for every opinion now accepted was once eccentric


Men are born ignorant, not stupid. They are made stupid by education


To fear love is to fear life, and those who fear life are already 3-parts dead


The hardest thing to learn in life is which bridge to cross and which to burn


It's easy to fall in love. The hard part is finding someone to catch you


It is the preoccupation with possessions, more than anything else, that prevents us from living freely and nobly



Bertrand Russell, a monumental intellectual of the 20th century, left an indelible mark on philosophy, mathematics, logic, and social activism. Born in 1872 in Trellech, Wales, Russell's contributions span a wide array of disciplines, each marked by his rigorous analytical approach and commitment to rational inquiry. Russell and Ludwig Wittgenstein, his enigmatic protege, forged a profound intellectual partnership that reshaped the landscape of analytic philosophy.

"Principia Mathematica," co-authored with Alfred North Whitehead, laid the groundwork for modern formal logic and profoundly influenced the development of analytic philosophy. Russell's relentless pursuit of clarity and precision in language epitomized his commitment to rational inquiry and empirical evidence. Russell died in Penrhyndeudraeth, United Kingdom in 1970. His work would cause ripples throughout time within the philosophical and scientific community.


Wittgenstein, too; emerged as a formidable thinker in his own right, challenging conventional philosophical methods and assumptions. His early work, captured in the "Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus," sought to demarcate the limits of language and thought, famously concluding that "Whereof one cannot speak, thereof one must be silent." This cryptic aphorism encapsulates Wittgenstein's belief in the ineffable nature of certain philosophical problems–their relationship, however, was not without tension. Wittgenstein's later work, particularly his "Philosophical Investigations," diverged sharply from Russell's logical atomism, advocating for a more nuanced understanding of language as embedded in social practices. Despite their philosophical differences, Russell's influence on Wittgenstein's early thought is unmistakable, shaping the trajectory of analytic philosophy for decades to come.

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